I received a question recently which asked, "When did Adam and Eve die?" Now the Bible scholars among you will recall that pivotal moment in the biblical tale of creation when God commanded Adam not to eat of the forbidden fruit, because if he did, God said he "would certainly die..." (see here) And then the story says that God created Eve, and we assume that Adam gave her the thorough rundown on the one tree in the garden not to mess with.
But the curious thing is that upon Adam and Eve's eating of that fruit, their death was not immediate. In fact, it wasn't even in the same century... That creation narrative instead ends quickly with the expulsion and closing of the Garden of Eden, and the next chapter flashes forward on to tell the story of Adam and Eve having their first children, Cain and Abel. And then the next chapter (Ch. 5) moves quickly into a genealogy of Adam to Noah, which states in part: "When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other children. Altogether, Adam lived a total of 930 years, and then he died." ...So there's the answer to Adam's age. As an aside, many people also use this genealogy to conclude the earth is only about 6000 years of age.
After that, there's no mention of Eve's death though, but one could suppose that after she convinced Adam to eat the apple and damn all creation to millennia of trials and tribulations, it's not surprising that the auther didn't even make her death a footnote in the overall account...for it was after all "all her fault." We do know however that Adam got over it, because the story goes on to say that they lived together for many more years, and have a number of children. The traditional interpretation of this long life after sinning is that God's threat of death wasn't immediate, but rather an "eventual" death. Some even interpret the "death" statement to be a spiritual one and not primarily a physical one. And we know that having and raising Seth would be a critical piece of the larger narrative, so it was imperative to the overall story that they live at least until then, which might just be the simplest explanation.
I don't always know what conclusion of value we can glean from some of these old testament stories, but I suppose if I was to seek a lesson from this account that applies to all of us today, it's the fact that when we know what's right, and don't do it (especially due to peer pressure) it often leads to consequences that we obviously would have rather avoided...and sometimes very serious ones. Life is always more palatable when we don't complicate it by doing what we know to be wrong. And we feel more meaning and purpose in life when we're focused on doing what's right. Whether we believe the story is literally true, or just an old tribal tale, that lesson can apply to both.
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You may also want to check out Were Adam and Eve Real?
by Christian Evolution